b'34The possibility of distortion of factsthe anthropological field as it helped to place a greaterBaffin Island (1883-1884), where he immersed himself to fit predetermined notions, andimportance on the keeping of records and archives, ain the Inuit culture. The subjects of ethnographic study the disregard for differences withinpractice that brought it closer to the practices of other,were not objects, but subjects, who taught him about cultures, like Native Americans, meantmore established social sciences like history.their culture, thus reversing the typical hierarchical that the work done to study them wasFranz Boas was one of the most prominent opponentsrelationship between scientist and the object of their rendered futile. This made cultural relativismof the then popular scientific racism - the beliefstudy. This role reversal was vital in how anthropologists even more vital. that race was biological rather than cultural whichcame to study the cultures of their fields. The impact of cultural relativism had awas prevalent in academia from the 17th century tillFranz Boas legacy was as important as his after World War II, and thus racial differences could ripple effect. It led to the formation of thebe attributed to biology, and so different racial andprofessional contribution to anthropology. sub field of ethnology - the comparison ofethnic groups could be classified as more advancedBoas was a vital part in the formation of cultures using ethnographic data, society,than others. Throughout his life, and through his work,anthropology as a legitimate social science, and cult.he tried to combat racism within the scientific fields.and his legacy can be traced throughout He berated anthropologists who used their work tothe last century. Ethnology is usually done when anthropologists go intoperpetuate racial superiority. In 1886, he began the first the field meaning they travel to a place to fully immerseof many fieldwork trips to British Columbia. ContraryHe was a key figure in the founding and development themselves in with the people to better understand andto dominant views of the time, Boas came to believe of the American Anthropological Association, which experience the cultures they are studying. The resultingpartly through his fieldworkthat all societies wereremains the primary professional organization for data, both qualitative and quantitative, allows for a fullerfundamentally equal. He disputed the claim that theanthropologists in the US. Boas is often referred to as picture of that culture to be drawn. Ethnology wentdifferences that existed between societies that werethe father of American anthropology because in his hand-in-hand with historical particularism; the ideadeemed civilized versus savage or primitive.role at Columbia University in 1899, where he became that each culture has its own particular and uniqueHe published his massive study of thethe first professor of anthropology, following three history that is not governed by universal laws. In hiseffect of environment and geneticyears as a lecturer in the field, he taught many famous essay. The Methods of Ethnology, published in 1920,anthropologists, like Margaret Mead and Ruth Benedict, Boas argued that cultures cannot be compared or beinheritance on the characteristics ofand many others who went on to establish some of the subjected to the same generalities as each culture hasimmigrant and native-born children in 1912first anthropology departments in universities across experienced a different and unique history, even if thatin his book, Changes in the Bodily Form ofthe country, including programs at the University of history has led to a similar outcome. This has formed aDescendants of Immigrants.California at Berkeley, University of Chicago, North-massive part of how cultures have come to be viewedwestern University, and beyond. The emergence of and studied, as it fits in with Boas theory of culturalThe results published here indicated that scientificanthropology as an academic discipline in the U.S. relativism. As a consequence of the importance placedracism was fundamentally incorrect and that theconnects closely to Boas work and, in particular, his on historical context, salvage ethnography becameenvironment where the children had grown up waslegacy through his former students. His work is still a significant component of the Boasian approach tothe main factor in determining their characteristics. Asused in universities all over the world, and even referred anthropology. Salvage ethnography places a lot ofhe wrote a direct relation between physical habitusto on the new Politics & Society course. From cultural importance on documenting a culture, so that evenand mental endowment does not exist. To Boas, allrelativism, to his work in debunking scientific racism, when the cultures rituals, beliefs, and customs are nohuman groups were equal, regardless of any differences,Boas played a vital role in shaping anthropological longer being practiced it will still be preserved throughthey simply needed to be understood within theirtheory throughout the last century, while his work time. Cultural relativism has affected more than justown cultural contexts. This relates back to his work onremains relevant today.'